Nutritional supplements are indicated for horses where the daily nutritional requirements of an animal are not being met due to stress, illness, parasitism or otherwise. Indications also include inappetence, dietary insufficiency and low blood count.
Many athletic animals are slightly anaemic which means they have a low red blood cell count. Less red blood cells means less oxygen going to the muscles which means they cannot perform at their maximum level. Milk is low in iron, so young animals can suffer from “nutritional anaemia” due to an exclusive milk diet.
Parasites are a major cause of iron deficiency. Demand for iron is increased substantially in the pregnant and lactating animal. Iron loss may also be initiated by anti- inflammatory drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen via gastrointestinal bleeding.
The primary sign of iron deficiency is anaemia. Signs of mild iron deficiency include reduced feed intake and pale mucous membranes. Supplementation is recommended for iron deficiency – the iron level in V.A.M will help maintain an adequate supply of iron without the risk of toxicity.
B vitamins are often recommended for stress. Nicotinamide is a vitamin B compound which is essential to the production of energy in the body as well as the regulation of blood sugar, anti-oxidant mechanisms and detoxification reactions.
Cyanocobalamin is also known as vitamin B12, an enzyme co-factor, and forms part of the coenzymes essential for all cells, particularly rapid cell turnover. These include red blood cells, the cells lining the gastrointestinal tract and bone marrow cells. Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 and is essential for the utilisation of energy from food.
Pyridoxine is also known as vitamin B6. This vitamin is involved in the formation of body proteins and structural compounds, chemical transmitters in the nervous system, red blood cells and prostaglandins. D-Panthenol is also known as vitamin B5 and is a component of coenzyme A. Coenzyme A is essential in the metabolism of carbohydrates, protein and fat.
Biotin is another B complex vitamin. It forms part of two enzymes essential for formulation of glucose and fatty acid synthesis as well as helping maintain hoof growth. Inositol is a B complex vitamin required for proper formation of cell.
V.A.M. contains inositol, biotin, nicotinamide and the B vitamins B2, B5, B6 and B12 to help replace these essential vitamins which are used up at increased rates during times of stress.
A number of amino acids are involved in energy metabolism and are recommended for supplementation to promote optimal health. Glycine is an amino acid involved in the production of proteins in the body.
Glycine has several important functions in the body, including helping to regulate blood sugars. Choline is an essential component of all cell membranes, and is involved in energy metabolism and in various other metabolic processes.
Lysine is an amino acid which is involved in cellular metabolism and structure. Methionine is an amino acid which supplies sulphur and other compounds required for normal growth and metabolism. V.A.M. supplies the amino acids glycine, choline, lysing and methionine.
Cobalt is an integral part of Vitamin B12 which is a nutrient required for red blood cell production. Copper is a mineral that aids in the formation of bone, haemoglobin and red blood cells. Supplementation of the co-factors cobalt and copper will support the production of red blood cells.
Supplementing a range of nutrients, B vitamins, amino acids and key minerals, such as with V.A.M. will support the athletic animal during times of stress as well as provide support for recovery from illness, parasitism, anaemia.